c868彩票网址

 c868彩票网址 >> 文学 >> 本网原创
“市民文学”与“市井文学”辨
2020年10月15日 09:46 来源:中国社会科学网-中国社会科学报 作者:丁琪 字号
2020年10月15日 09:46
来源:中国社会科学网-中国社会科学报 作者:丁琪

内容摘要:

关键词:

作者简介:

c868彩票网址  “SHIMINWENXUE”YU“SHIJINGWENXUE”SHIWENXUEPIPINGLINGYUGUANGFANSHIYONGDELEIXINGWENXUEGAINIAN,YONGLAIZHICHENGNEIXIEJUJIAOSHIMINSHEHUISHENGHUO、GUANZHUSHIJINGRENWUMINGYUNBIANHUAQIEYUNHANSHISUWENHUAQUWEIDEWENXUEXINGTAI。ZAIZHONGGUOWENXUEYANJIUZHONG,XUESHUJIEDUIERZHEDEBIANJIE、FENQIHESHENMEIJIAZHIDENGFANGMIANYECUNZAIYIDINGDEGONGSHI。YINCI,LIANGGEGAINIANHUNYONGSHIYIZHONGCHANGJIANXIANXIANG。RANER,ERZHESUIYIZIZHICHA,DANZAISIXIANGNEIHAN、SHENMEIZHONGDIAN、JIAZHILICHANGHESHIDAIGANDENGFANGMIANCUNZAICHABIE,YINGGAIYINQIWENXUEPIPINGJIEZHONGSHI。

  市民阶层催生“市民文学”

  ZAITAOLUNYISHIMINWEIBIAOXIANDUIXIANGDEWENXUEXINGTAISHI,PIPINGJIEJINGCHANGSHIYONGDETONGSUGAINIANSHI“SHIMINWENXUE”,XIETAOFANGDE《ZHONGGUOSHIMINWENXUESHI》、TIANZHONGYANGDE《BAINIANWENXUEYUSHIMINWENHUA》DENGZHUZUODOUSHIYONGCIGAINIAN。XIANGDUILAIJIANG,“SHIMIN”DEHANYITONGSUYIDONG,ZAI《CIHAI》ZHONGZHUYAOYOULIANGCENGYISI。YISHIZHIZHONGSHIJIOUZHOUCHENGSHIDEJUMIN,YINSHANGPINJIAOHUANDEXUNSUFAZHANHECHENGSHIDECHUXIANERXINGCHENG,ZHUYAOBAOKUOSHOUGONGYEZHEHESHANGREN。TAMENFANDUIFENGJIANLINGZHU,ZHUZHANGGEXIANGGAIGE,DUISHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANQIZHEYIDINGZUOYONG。SUIZHEZIBENZHUYISHENGCHANFANGSHIDEXINGCHENGHEFAZHAN,SHIMINZHUBUFENHUAWEIZICHANJIEJI、WUCHANJIEJIHECHENGSHIPINMIN。ERSHIFANZHIZHUZAICHENGSHIDEBENGUOJUMIN。

c868彩票网址  DUOSHUYANJIUZHEZAISHIYONG“SHIMINWENXUE”GAINIANSHI,RENTONGTASHIBANSUISHIMINJIECENGXINGQIERCHUXIANDEWENXUELEIXING。OUZHOUZHONGSHIJISHANGPINJINGJIFAZHANDAOJIAOGAOJIEDUANSHI,SHIMINJIECENGDENGSHANGLISHIWUTAI,SUIZHICHUXIANLEBIAODASHIMINJIECENGSIXIANGQINGGANDEXUSHISHI、FENGCIXIJU、TONGSUXIAOSHUODENGWENXUEXINGSHI,YIRENBENZHUYIDESIXIANGGUANGHUIBITUILEZHONGSHIJIDEHEIANHEMENGMEI,TUIDONGLEWENYIFUXINGDELAILIN。

  JIUZHONGGUOERYAN,SHIMINJIECENGCHUXIANYUBEISONGSHIQI,“FANGGUOHU”DANDULIEJIJIANGCHENGSHIJUMINYUXIANGCUNJUMINQUBIEKAILAI,BIAOZHIZHEWOGUOSHIMINJIECENGDECHUXIAN,XIANGYINGDICHUXIANLEFANYINGSHIMINJIECENGQINGGANSIXIANG、WEISHIMINJIECENGTIGONGWENHUAFUWUDEYULEXIAOQIANXINGWENXUEXINGTAI。TAFARENYUBEISONGSHIQI,ZUICHUYISHUOCHANGYUTIXINGSHICUNZAI。MINGQINGSHIQI,SHIMINWENXUEZHENYUFANRONGXINGSHENG,CHUXIANLEWENRENCHUANGZUODEGUDIANSIDAMINGZHUYIJI《JINPINGMEI》DENGJINGDIANCHUANSHIZHIZUO。JINGGUOJINXIANDAIZHUANXING,YONGXIANCHULEZHANGHENSHUI、LAOSHE、ZHANGAILINGDENGSHIMINXIAOSHUODAJIA,BINGZAIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZAICICHUXIANFANRONGJINGXIANG,MIAOMOSHIQINGFENGSU、FANYINGSHIMINSHENGCUNZHUANGTAI,YIJISHIJINGXIAOMINMINGYUNBIANHUADENGJIEDIQIDEZHUTIYIYUN,SHISHIMINWENXUEBEISHOUSHEHUIGEJIECENGXIAI。LIUXINWUDE《ZHONGGULOU》、DENGYOUMEIDE《YANHU》、CHENJIANGONGDE《LULUBAHUTONG9HAO》、FENGJICAIDE《SANCUNJINLIAN》、CHILIDE《FANNAORENSHENG》、WANGANYIDE《ZHANGHENGE》、YEGUANGQINDE《DOUZHIJI》YIJIJINYUCHENGDE《FANHUA》DENGZUOPIN,CHONGFENZHANGXIANLESHIMINWENXUEHENGJIUDESHENGMINGLI。

  “市井文学”流传开来

c868彩票网址  YUSHIMINBUTONG,“SHIJING”SHIYIGEKONGJIANGAINIAN,QIZUICHUHANYISHIZHIJINXINGSHANGPINJIAOYIDECHANGSUO。《GUOYU·QIYU》:“XISHENGWANGZHICHUSHIYE,SHIJIUXIANYAN;CHUGONGJIUGUANFU;CHUSHANGJIUSHIJING;CHUNONGJIUTIANYE。”《HOUHANSHU·XUNLICHUAN·LIUCHONG》:“SHANMINYUANPO,NAIYOUBAISHOUBURUSHIJINGZHE”,DOUSHIZHIDIDIAN。ZAICHUNQIUZHANGUOJIYIHOU,SHIJINGSHIDOUYIHUOSHIJIEDETONGCHENG,《MENGZI·WANZHANGXIA》:“ZAIGUOYUESHIJINGZHICHEN,ZAIYEYUECAOMANGZHICHEN,JIEWEISHUREN。”ZHEILIDESHIJINGYUCAOMANGXIANGDUI,FANZHIDOUYI。“SHIJING”YOUYANSHENWEISHANGJIASHENFEN,《SHIJI·PINGHUAISHU》ZHONGJIZAI:“XIAOHUI、GAOHOUSHI,WEITIANXIACHUDING,FUCHISHANGJIAZHILV,RANSHIJINGZHIZISUNYIBUDESHIHUANWEILI。”WULUNSHIZHIKONGJIANHAISHISHENFEN,SHIJINGDOUYUSHANGPINJINGJIYOUZHEMIBUKEFENDELIANXI。

  20SHIJI80NIANDAI,YUANXINGPEIZAI《ZHONGGUOWENXUEGAILUN》YISHUZHONG,JIANGZHONGGUOWENXUEFENCHENGGONGTINGWENXUE、SHILINWENXUE、SHIJINGWENXUEYUXIANGTUWENXUESIDALEI,“SUOWEISHIJINGWENXUESHIZHIZAISHIJINGXIMINZHONGLIUCHUANDE、GONGTAMENXINSHANGYULEDEWENXUE”。TARENWEIZHONGGUOSHIJINGWENXUEKEYIZHUISUZHIHANLEFUZHONGDEMOUXIEMINGE,ZHONGTANGYIHOUSHIJINGWENXUEZHUYAOSHISHUOCHANGWENXUE,TANGDAIDEBIANWEN、SONGYUANHUABEN、YUANZAJU、NANXI、MINGDAINIHUABEN、MINGQINGLIANGDAIDEZHANGHUITIXIAOSHUODENGDOUKEGUIRUSHIJINGWENXUE。

c868彩票网址  YUANXINGPEIDUIZHONGGUOWENXUEDEFENLEIFANGFAHE“SHIJINGWENXUE”GAINIAN,HOULAIZAIWENXUEYANJIULINGYUBEIGUANGFANCAIXINYANYONG,YIZHIZAIDANGDAIWENXUEPIPINGZHONG“SHIJINGWENXUE”JIHUSHIYUEDINGSUCHENGERWUXUJIEDINGDEGAINIAN。ZHAOBOTAODE《SHIJINGWENHUAYUSHIMINXINTAI》、XIAOPEIHUADE《ZHONGGUOXIANDAIXIAOSHUODESHIJINGXUSHI》DENGZHUZUODOUTEBIEQIANGDIAOSHIJINGXUSHI,CONGZHONGKEYIKANCHUZAIDANGDAIKONGJIANLILUNZIJUEBEIJINGXIA“SHIJING”ZUOWEIHEXINGAINIANBEIXUEZHEGUANZHUHEYANJIUDESHISHI。

c868彩票网址  JINRU21SHIJIYILAI,BUFENXUEZHETICHULEGOUJIAN“SHIJINGSHIXUE”DESHEXIANG。ZHEIYIWEIZHECONGKONGJIAN、WENTIYIJIZHENGZHIMEIXUEDENGDUOGEXIANGDUDAKAIYANJIUSHIYE,BACHUANTONGDE“SHIMINWENXUE”YINXIANGGENGYOUSHIDAIGANDE“SHIJINGWENXUE”YANJIULUJINGSHANGLAI。

  YANJIUZHEYEZHUYIDAOSHIJINGWENXUEDEJUXIANXING,SHIMINJIECENGYIZHULIWEIBEN,ZAILISHISHANGTAMENCONGWEIZUOWEIDULIDEZHENGZHILILIANGFAHUIZUOYONG。ZHEIYIJIECENGDUOXINGJUEDINGLESHIJINGWENXUEDESIXIANGYEWANGWANGDAIYOUSHISUXING、SHANGYEXINGHEXINGERXIATEZHENG,BINGQIEYUFENGJIANSHEHUIDETONGZHIJIEJISIXIANGHEFENGJIANMIXINSIXIANGJIUCHANBUQING。ZAIYISHUSHANG,SHIJINGWENXUEZOUTONGSUHUADAOLU,RONGYIXIANRUDISU、CUCAO、JIANDANHEJIAOHUADENINAOZHIZHONGWUFAZIBA,QUEFAYUZHENGTONGJINGDIANWENXUECHUANGZUOXIANGPIMEIDEYISHUBIAOXIANLI。

  市井文学价值取向更加突出

  “SHIMINWENXUE”GAINIANYOUQILISHICUNZAIJIAZHIHEHELIXING。DANSHI,ZAIXINDEKONGJIANLILUNBEIJINGXIA,“SHIJINGWENXUE”GAINIANSHOUDAOGUANZHUHESHENRUYANJIU,YESHIXUESHUFAZHANGUILVSHIRAN,TAGENGNENGTUXIANCILEIWENXUEXINGTAIDEZHUTITEZHI、LUNLINEIHANHEMINZUWENHUATESE。

  SHOUXIAN,“SHIMIN”SHUYUZHUTISHENFENFANCHOU,TADEJIECENGJIEGOUFUZA、TILIANGJUDA,YONGLAIZHISHEMOUZHONGWENXUELEIXINGXIANDEYOUXIEKUANFAN。ZAIJIUZHONGGUO,SHIMINYOUZIBENJIA、GONGSHANGYEZHU、GONGREN、PINMINDENGBUTONGJIECENG。WOMENLIJIEDESHIMINWENXUESHIJISHANGSHI“XIAOSHIMIN”WENXUE,ZHUYAOSHIZHISHIMINZHONGDEPINGMINJIECENG。LINGWAI,ZAIFENGJIANSHEHUI,SHIMINZHIZHANZONGRENKOUHENXIAODEYIBUFEN。DANSHI,SUIZHECHENGSHIGUIMOKUODAHESHANGPINJINGJIFAZHAN,DANGDAIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIRENKOUBILIZHUJIANCHAOGUONONGYERENKOU。YIZHEIYANGYIGETILIANGPANGDA、JIEGOUFUZADEQUNTILAIMINGMINGYIZHONGWENXUELEIXING,HENNANTUCHUZHEILEIWENXUEXINGTAIDESHENMEIZHUTITEZHENG。DANSHI,“SHIJING”JUYOUMINGQUEDECHENGSHIPINGMINZHIXIANGXINGHESHISUSHENGHUOZHUANGTAINEIHAN。SHIJINGKONGJIANHUOYUEZHEDALIANGCHENGSHIDICENGPINGMIN,RUXIAOSHANGFAN、GETIHU、GONGREN、XIAOZHIYUANDENG,JIACHANGDEJILINGGOUSUIHECHAIMIYOUYANCHENGLESHISUSHENGHUODEHELIU。YINCI,DANGWOMENSHUO“SHIJINGWENXUE”SHI,XINZHISUOXISHIJIEQUXIANGMOYIFANGYOUWENDUDERENJIANYANHUOSHIJIE。

  QICI,“SHIMIN”DEJIBENHANYIWEICHENGSHIJUMIN,YINERSHIMINWENXUEYEBIAOXIANCHUJIAZHIZHONGLISECAI。ER“SHIJING”YOUYUQIBENYUANYIYIYUSHANGPINMAIMAIXIANGGUAN,SUOYIYUNHANZHEMINGQUEDESHANGPINJINGJILUNLI。SHIJINGZHONGRENBUYIDINGDOUSHISHANGREN,DANDOUSHOUDAOSHANGPINJINGJIWENHUAXUNRAN,WULUNCONGYEHAISHIRENJIWANGLAIDOUZUNXUNZHEJINGJILIXING、QULIBIHAIYUANZE、PINGDENGYISHIHEQIYUEJINGSHEN。TAYOUBIEYUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGDEJIAGUOQINGHUAI、DAOYIZHISHANG、JITIYISHIHEYIWULUN,ZAITEDINGLISHIJIEDUANBIAOXIANCHUYIDINGDEGEMINGXING。SHIJINGWENXUESHISHANGPINJINGJILUNLIDEYISHUZAITI,TADUIFENGJIANZHUANZHIWENHUAHERUJIALUNLIJIAZHIGUANGOUCHENGFANSIHEPIPAN,DUIJINXIANDAIYILAIDERENBENZHUYISIXIANGHESHIJINGLUNLIJINXINGJIAZHIJIANGOUHEZIWOFANSHENG。YINERYUSHIMINWENXUEXIANGBI,SHIJINGWENXUEDELUNLIJIAZHIZHIXIANGGENGJIATUCHUXIANMING。

  ZUIHOU,YUXIANGDUICHUANTONGDENONGMINJIECENGXIANGBI,SHIMINYIWEIZHEQUNTIXINGXIANDAITEZHENG,ANHANCHUANTONGYUXIANDAIDEERYUANDUILI。ERZUOWEIKONGJIANGAINIAN,SHIJINGJUYOUDOUSHIMINJIANDEHANYI,ZHONGGUOCHENGSHIFAZHANDEDUTEDAOLUYOUQISHIJINXIANDAI“NONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI”DEGEMINGDAOLU、GAIGEKAIFANGYILAICHENGSHIZHONGXIONGYONGDENONGMINGONGDACHAO,YIJI21SHIJIYILAICHENGSHIKUAISUKUOZHANGZAOCHENGDE“CHENGZHONGCUN”XIANXIANGDENG,ZAOCHENGLEDOUSHIYUXIANGCUN、SHIMINYUNONGMINHUNHEDEDUTESHIJINGKONGJIAN。TANEIHUALECHUANTONGYUXIANDAIDEMAODUN,SHIXUANXIAOZHONGDENINGJING、LIUDONGZHONGDEHENGCHANG、MODENGLIDEHUAIJIU、QIANJINZHONGDETUISHOU。ZHEIZHONGMAODUNXINGMEIXUENEIHANYUANYUMINZUHUACHENGSHIFAZHANTESE,TIXIANLEWENXUEYISHUZAIQIANYANLILUNYINGXIANGXIADEDANGDAIXINGJIANGOU。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG,SHIJINGWENXUEBUTONGYUCHUANTONGDESHIMINWENXUE,YEYOUBIEYUXIFANGXIANDAISHIMINWENXUE。TAFUYOUMINZUWENHUATESEHEDANGDAILILUNSECAI,YOUQISHIJIUJINSISHINIANDEWENXUEPIPINGERYAN,XIANSHICHUQIDUTESIXIANGJIAZHIHEMEIXUECHUANGXINYIYI。

 

  (本文系国家社科基金项目“新时期市井文学审美嬗变研究(1978—2018)”(19BWZ120)阶段性成果)

  (作者单位:天津社会科学院文学研究所)

作者简介

姓名:丁琪 工作单位:

转载请注明来源:中国社会科学网 (责编:张雨楠)
W020180116412817190956.jpg

中国社会科学院概况|中国社会科学杂志社简介|关于我们|法律顾问|广告服务|网站声明|联系我们
中国社会科学院概况|中国社会科学杂志社简介|关于我们|法律顾问|广告服务|网站声明|联系我们
8号彩票开户 优乐彩 向日葵彩票平台 趣发彩票开户 福祥彩票导航 金牛彩票开户 彩乐仑彩票注册 易权彩票官网