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当代基础教育教学创新表征及学段特征 —— 一项关于教学创新本体性知识的实证研究
2020年10月15日 09:27 来源:《电化教育研究》2019年第6期 作者:刘晓琳 张立国 字号
2020年10月15日 09:27
来源:《电化教育研究》2019年第6期 作者:刘晓琳 张立国
关键词:基础教育;信息化教学;/教学创新表征;教学创新特征;实证研究

内容摘要:c868彩票网址基础教育教学创新在教育创新中处于基础性、先导性地位,对实现教育现代化发挥着奠基作用。

关键词:基础教育;信息化教学;/教学创新表征;教学创新特征;实证研究

作者简介:

  作者简介:刘晓琳(1984- ),女,山东烟台人,陕西师范大学教育学院讲师,博士,主要从事信息化教学创新理论研究,E-mail:xiaolinliu@snnu.edu.cn;张立国,陕西师范大学教育学院,E-mail:zhangliguok@126.com。陕西 西安 710062

  内容提要:基础教育教学创新在教育创新中处于基础性、先导性地位,对实现教育现代化发挥着奠基作用。然而,当前基础教育教学创新研究中有两个基础性的问题始终没有得到回答:教学创新的具体样态是什么?不同学段的特征又是什么?据此,文章基于教育部等国家权威部门近四年来遴选的基础教育教学创新典型案例,采用质性编码分析与量化分析相结合的方法对教学创新表征及学段特征进行了实证研究。研究结果显示,当前我国基础教育教学创新的表征主要体现在学习者群体属性、教师/促学者属性、学习内容、学习资源、教学组织以及学习评价等六个维度;在学段特征上,小学教学创新主要面向学生直观学习体验的获得,表现出激发学习兴趣的“玩中学”特征;初中教学创新主要面向体验知识探究过程,表现出发展探究能力的“做中学”特征;高中教学创新主要面向真实情境,表现出培养复杂问题解决能力的“真实学习”特征。研究旨在理论上为科学认识我国基础教育教学创新的样态提供本体性知识,在实践上为新时代基础教育教学创新的实施、甄别与评价提供可操作性的参照。

  关 键 词:基础教育;信息化教学;/教学创新表征;教学创新特征;实证研究

  标题注释:2018年度教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“基础教育学校信息化教学创新动力机制研究”(项目编号:18YJC880058)。

  [ZHONGTUFENLEIHAO]G434 [WENXIANBIAOZHIMA]A

  一、问题的提出

  CHUANGXINSHI“ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXIANDAIHUA2030”DEZHUXUANLV[1]。JICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINZAIJIAOYUCHUANGXINZHONGCHUYUJICHUXING、XIANDAOXINGDIWEI,DUISHIXIANJIAOYUXIANDAIHUAFAHUIZHEDIANJIZUOYONG。DANGQIANYOUGUANJICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEYANJIUCHENGGUOZHUYAOJIZHONGYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINGEYINGXIANGYINSU[2-5]DENGTIAOJIANXINGZHISHIHEJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUIJINLUJING、CELVE[6-8]DENGSHIJIANXINGZHISHILIANGFANGMIANDETANTAO。XIANGDUIERYAN,GUANYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINBENSHENDEYANGTAIDENGBENTIXINGZHISHIDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO,QIEQUESHAOXITONGSHENRUDECHANSHI,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIALIANGDIAN:DIYI,NINGLIANLEMIANXIANG“SHISANWU”DEJIUDALEIXINXIHUAJIAOXUEMOSHIYUFANGFACHUANGXINFAZHANDEQUSHI[9],JIANGJIAOXUECHUANGXINDENEIHANJIEDINGWEIXUEXIXINFANGSHI、JIAOXUEXINFANGSHIHEKETANGXINXINGTAI[10],DANSHIZHEIXIESUOWEI“XIN”DEXUEXIFANGSHI、JIAOXUEFANGSHIHEKETANGXINGTAIJUTICHENGXIANSHENMEYANGTAI,SHANGWEIYOUMINGQUECHANSHI;DIER,CONGLILUNSHANGSUIRANTICHULEXINXIHUAHUANJINGZHONGDESHIDAJIAOXUECHUANGXINMOSHI,RUYUANCHENGZHUANDIKETANG、WANGLUOKONGJIANJIAOXUEHEYIDITONGBUJIAOXUE、SHUANGZHUJIAOXUEMOSHI、FANZHUANJIAOXUE、YINDAOSHIYIDONGTANJIUXUEXIDENG[11],DANSHIDUIZHEIXIEMOSHIDESHIJIANYANGTAIMEIYOUJINXINGCHONGFENCHANSHI,YEWEISHUJIMOSHIDEXUEDUANSHIYONGXING。

  BUKEFOUREN,TIAOJIANXINGZHISHIHESHIJIANXINGZHISHINENGGOUDUIJICHUJIAOYUYIXIANSHIJIANZHEKAIZHANJIAOXUECHUANGXINTIGONGYOUYIYIDEQIFA,RANER,JIAOXUECHUANGXINBENTIXINGZHISHIDEQUEFAQUEKENENGDAOZHITIAOJIANXINGZHISHIHESHIJIANXINGZHISHIWUDEFANGSHIHUOBENMODAOZHI。SHIJISHANG,ZAIJICHUJIAOYUYIXIANDEJUTICAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,QUESHIYOUXIANGDANGDUODEXUEXIAOZAIGENGXINLEJIAOYULINIAN、TISHENGLEJIAOSHIJIAOXUEJINENG、PEIBEILESHUZIHUAZIYUANHESHESHI、ZHANGWOLEJIAOXUECHUANGXINDETUIJINCELVEZHIHOU,QUERENGMANGRANBUZHIRUHESHISHIHEZHENBIEJIAOXUECHUANGXIN。SHIJIANDEKUNJINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYUANYUGUANGDAXIAOZHANGHEJIAOSHIDUIJIAOXUECHUANGXINLILUNRENSHIDEKUNHUO:JICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINJUTICHENGXIANSHENMEYANGTAI?BUTONGXUEDUANJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEYANGTAISHIFOUYIYANG,YOUSHENMEXUEDUANTEZHENG?ZHEILIANGGEWENTIZHENGSHIBENYANJIUQIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI,QIANZHEZHIXIANGJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEBIAOZHENG,HOUZHEZHIXIANGJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEXUEDUANTEZHENG,ZHEIBUJINSHIJICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINJIANXINGZHEWUFAHUIBIDESHIJIANWENTI,YESHIJIAOYULILUNYANJIUZHEJIDAIJIEJUEDEJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEBENTIXINGMINGTI。

  二、研究设计

  JICHUJIAOYUXUEXIAOJIAOXUEGAIGEHECHUANGXINDEYOUXIUANLINENGGOUWEIWOMENRENSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEBIAOZHENGYUXUEDUANTEZHENGTIGONGXIANSHIYIJU,DANSHIYOUXIUANLINEIZAIJIAZHIDEFAHUI,YOULAIYUJIAOYUYANJIUZHEYIKEXUEYANJIUDETAIDUDUIQIJINXINGCONGXIANXIANGDAOBENZHIDENINGLIAN。JIANYUYANJIUWENTIDEXINGZHI,BENYANJIUJIANGZONGTISHANGCAIYONGJIYUANLIDEZHIXINGBIANMAFENXIHELIANGHUAFENXIXIANGJIEHEDEKEXUESHIZHENGFANGFA,DUIJINSINIANLAIYOUJICHUJIAOYUSI、ZHONGYANGDIANHUAJIAOYUGUAN、ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEHUI、ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAOSHEDENGGUOJIAQUANWEIBUMENLINXUANCHUDEJICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINDIANXINGANLIJINXINGSHENRUYANJIU,FENXIHEGUINADANGDAIJICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGECHUANGXINDEBIAOZHENGJIXUEDUANTEZHENG。

  三、研究过程

  (一)界定教学创新内涵,建立案例遴选标准

  JIEDING“JIAOXUECHUANGXIN”DEQIANTISHIDUI“CHUANGXIN”ZUOCHUMINGQUEJIEDING。“CHUANGXIN”YICIZAIBUTONGDEQINGJINGHEBUTONGDEXUEKEZHONGJUYOUBUTONGDEJIEDING。ZHONGWEN“CHUANGXIN”YICIZUIZAOCHUXIANYU《NANSHI》,YIWEI“CHUANGLI”HUO“CHUANGZAOXINDONGXI”。YINGWENZHONG“CHUANGXIN”DUIYINGDEDANCIWEI"Innovation",QICIYUANKEZHUISUZHI16SHIJIZHONGHOUYEDELADINGCIHUI"Innovātiō"。“CHUANGXIN”ZUOWEIYIGEXUESHUGAINIANZUIZAOYOUYUESEFU·XIONGBIDE(Joseph Alois Schumpeter)CONGJINGJIXUEJIAODUTICHU,TAJIANG“XINDEHUOZHONGXINZUHEDEHUOZAICIFAXIANDEZHISHIBEIYINRUJINGJIXITONGDEGUOCHENG”CHENGZHIWEICHUANGXIN,BINGQIEJIANGCHUANGXINFENWEICHUANGZAO、ZHONGXINZUHE、ZAICIFAXIANSANGECENGCI[12]。AIFULEITE·M.LUOJIESI(Rogers)CONGCHUANGXINCAINADEJIAODURENWEI,YIXIANGCHUANGXINSHIZHIBEIGETIHUOTUANTIZAICAIYONGZHONGSHIWEIQUANXINDEYIGEFANGFA,HUOZHEYICISHIJIAN,HUOZHEYIGEWUTI[13]。WEILETONGJIDEBIANLI,YIGEBEIGUANGFANJIESHOUDEDINGYILAIZIOECDYU2005NIANCHUBANDE《AOSILUSHOUCE》(Oslo Manual)。QIZHONG,“CHUANGXIN”BEIJIEDINGWEI“SHISHIYIGEXINDEHUOJUYOUMINGXIANGAISHANDECHANPIN(BAOKUOWUPINHUOFUWU)、GONGYI、YINGXIAOFANGFA,HUOYIGEXINDESHANGYESHIJIANZHONGDEZUZHIFANGFAHEWAIBUGUANXI”[14]。ZAIGAIDINGYIZHONG,“SHISHI”ZHIYIGECHANPINBEIYINRUSHICHANG,YEZHIDUIMOUYIGONGYI、YINGXIAOFANGFAHEZUZHIFANGFADESHIJIYINGYONG。“XINDE”ZHICHUANGXINZAIMOUYIZUZHI、SHICHANGSHENZHISHIJIEFANWEINEIJUYOUYIDINGCHENGDUDEXINYINGXING。《AOSILUSHOUCE》ZHONGGUANYU“CHUANGXIN”DEJIEDINGJINGUANBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUJINGJIHESHANGYELINGYUZHONG,DANSHISHAOZUOXIUDING,ZHEIYIJIEDINGDUIJIAOYULINGYUYEJUYOUYIDINGSHIYONGXING[15]。YINCI,JIAOYUZUZHI(RUJICHUJIAOYUXUEXIAO、DAXUE、PEIXUNJIGOU、JIAOYUCHUBANJIGOUDENG)YINRU:(1)XINDECHANPINHEFUWU,RUXINDEJIAOXUEDAGANG、KEBENHUOJIAOXUEZIYUAN;(2)XINDEJIAOFUFUWUDEFANGSHI,RUSHIYONGYUANCHENGZAIXIANFANGSHIJINXINGJIAOXUE;(3)XINDEHUODONGZUZHIFANGSHI,RULIYONGXINXIJISHUCUJINSHISHENG、SHENGSHENG、XUESHENGYUJIAZHANGYIJIJIAOSHIYUJIAZHANGZHIJIANDEJIAOLIU,FANZHUANKETANGDENG;(4)XINDESHICHANGYINGXIAOSHOUDUAN,RUMOOCsDENG。ZHEIXIECHUANGXINJIAOXUESHIJIANZHIZAIYIYIZHONGHUODUOZHONGFANGSHIGAISHANJIAOYUGONGJI,GUIGENJIEDIZAIYUTISHENGZHILIANG、CUJINGONGPING、TIGAOXIAOLV、CUJINXUESHENGFAZHAN。ZONGHEYISHANGFENXI,BENYANJIUZHONGDE“JIAOXUECHUANGXIN”ZHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINZHUTIWEILEGENGHAODISHIXIANJIAOXUEMUDE,YIMANZUXUESHENGXUEXIXUQIU、CUJINXUESHENGFAZHANWEIJIAZHIQUXIANG,ZUNXUNJIAOXUEGUILV,ZHONGGOUJIAOYUXUEGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEGEYAOSUHEJIAOXUEHUANJIE,SHIJIAOXUEHUODONGDEYIGENGXINHEFAZHAN。

c868彩票网址  WEIBAOZHENGANLIDEDAIBIAOXINGYUDIANXINGXING,BENYANJIUYIZHAOYISHANGDUIJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEJIEDING,ANZHAOLILUNCHOUYANG[16]HEFUZHILUOJI[17]DEJIBENSIXIANG,QUELIYIXIAANLILINXUANBIAOZHUN:(1)YOUCHUANGXINDEJIAOXUELINIAN,ZHIXIANGJIAOXUESHIJIANWENTI;(2)ZAIXUEXIAOZHENGTIYIJINGXINGCHENGYIDINGGUIMO,ERFEIJINJINZAIMOUGEHUOMOUJIGEBANJICENGMIAN;(3)CHUANGXINSHIJIANKECHIXU(CHIXUSHIJIANZHISHAOYINIAN),ERFEITINGLIUZAISHIYANJIEDUAN;(4)JIAOXUECHUANGXINCONGGENBENSHANGYUANYUJIAOXUEXUQIU,ERFEIJISHU。DUIWUZHUYUJIAOXUEWENTIJIEJUEDEXINXIJISHUBENSHENDEYINGYONGBINGBUBEIRENWEISHIYIZHONGCHUANGXIN。

  (二)典型案例样本的确定

  1.GUANGFANSHOUJIDIANXINGQUANWEIANLI

  GUANGFANSHOUJILAIZIQUANWEIJIAOYUBUMENHUOYANJIUJIGOULINXUANCHUDEDIANXINGXUEXIAOANLI,ZHUYAOLAIYUANBAOKUO“SHOUJIEGUOJIAJICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGECHENGGUOJIANG(2014)”HUOJIANGANLI(JIAOYUBUGUOJIAJIJIAOXUECHENGGUOPINGSHENWEIYUANHUIPINGXUAN),DISIJIE(2015)HEDIWUJIE(2017)“QUANGUOGAIGECHUANGXINDIANXINGANLITUIXUANHUODONG”ZHONGDEJICHUJIAOYUANLI(ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAOSHE、ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXINWENWANGLIANHEFABU),YIJILAIZI《TUIJINXINXIJISHUYUJIAOYUDESHUANGXIANGRONGHE——ZHONGGUODELUJINGHEJINGYAN》ANLICEZHONGDEANLI(2015NIANLIANHEGUOJIAOKEWENZUZHIZHONGGUOMISHUCHUFABU),2016NIAN、2017NIANJICHUJIAOYUXINXIHUAYINGYONGJIAOLIUZHANSHIHUODONGZHONGDEZHANSHIANLI(JICHUJIAOYUERSI、ZHONGYANGDIANHUAJIAOYUGUANZHUBAN)。ZUIZHONG,GONGSHOUJIANLI212GE,CHUBUJIANLILEBAOHANXUEXIAOMING、SUOSHUSHENGSHI、CHUANGXINTESEDENGLEIMUDEANLISUOYIN,YIJIBAOHANYIXUEXIAOMINGMINGMINGDE212GEWENJIANJIADEANLIKU。

c868彩票网址  2.DUOQUDAOCAIJIANLIYANJIUCAILIAO

  YITUOKETI,TONGGUOZHUOMIANDIAOCHAFASHOUJIXIANGGUANXUEXIAOCANYUANLIPINGXUANSUOTIJIAODESHENBAOCAILIAO212FEN(DUIYING212GEANLI),TONGSHI,YANJIUTUANDUIYIJUBIANLIXINGYUANZE,DUIBEIJINGSHI、SHANGHAISHI、HEBEISHENG、ZHANGSHASHI、WUHANSHI、XIANSHIDENGDIDEANLIXUEXIAOJINXINGLEYIZHIJIEGUANCHAWEIZHU、CANYUSHIGUANCHAWEIFUDEZILIAOSHOUJI,HUODEJILUXUEXIAOHUANJING、XUESHENGKEBIAO、JIAOXUEZUZHIXINGSHIDENGDEXIANGGUANANLIZILIAODEZHAOPIAN528ZHANG、JIAOXUESHIPIN52XIAOSHI,JILUXUESHENG3DDAYINZUOPIN、HANGMOZUOPIN、FUZHUANGSHEJIZUOPINDENGWULIZHIPINDEZHAOPIAN200DUOTIAO。CIWAI,DUIYUANLISHENBAOCAILIAOZHONGBIAOSHUBUMINGQUEZHICHU,TONGGUODADIANHUA、FADIANZIYOUJIANDEFANGSHIYUANLIXUEXIAOFUZERENJINXINGYUANCHENGQUEREN。

  LIYONGANLILINXUANBIAOZHUNDUI212GEANLIYANGBENCAILIAOJINXINGCHUBUSHENCHA,SHANCHUBUFUHEANLILINXUANBIAOZHUNDEYANGBEN67GE,SHENGYUANLIYANGBEN145GE。

  (三)资料分析过程(略)

  四、研究结果

  (一)基础教育学校教学创新的维度及表征

  TONGGUOZHUZHOUBIANMA,DEDAOJICHUJIAOYUXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEWEIDUTIXIANZAI:XUEXIZHEQUNTISHUXING、JIAOSHI/CUJINZHESHUXING、XUEXINEIRONG、XUEXIZIYUAN、JIAOXUEZUZHIHEXUEXIPINGJIALIUGEFANGMIAN,RUTU1SUOSHI。

  图1 基础教育教学创新的维度

  XUEXIZHEQUNTISHUXINGCHUANGXINSHIZHIJIAOXUEZHONGTONGYIBANJIZHONGDEXUEXIZHEZAINIANLING、SHIKONGFENBUDENGFANGMIANDECHUANGXINTEZHENG。RUHUNLINGXUEXIZHEGONGTONGXUEXI、MIANDUIMIANXUEXIZHEHEKUAYUESHIKONGXUEXIZHEGONGTONGXUEXI、TESHUXUQIUXUEXIZHEYUPUTONGXUEXIZHEGONGTONGXUEXIDENG。JIAOSHI/CUXUEZHESHUXINGCHUANGXINSHIZHIDANRENXUEXIAOJIAOXUEGONGZUORENWUDESHIZIZAILAIYUAN、XUEKEBEIJINGDENGFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN。RUYAOQINGJIAZHANG、KEXUEJIADENGDAOXUEXIAOSHOUKE,KUAXUEKEJIAOSHITUANDUIDUIMOUYIXUEXIZHUTIKAIZHANSHOUKEDENG。XUEXINEIRONGCHUANGXINSHIZHITIXIANXUEXIMUBIAODEXUEXIDUIXIANGDECHUANGXIN。RUYOUZHIQIANZHONGSHI“SHUANGJIMUBIAO”DEXUEXINEIRONGZHUANBIANWEIZHONGSHIXUESHENGNENGLI、SUYANGPEIYANGDEXUEXINEIRONGDENG。XUEXIZIYUANCHUANGXINSHIZHIYONGYUZHICHIXUEXIFASHENGDEXUEXIFUZHUXINGCAILIAO、ZHICHIXITONGHEXUEXIKONGJIANDENGFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN。RUCAIYONGDUOMEITIXUEXIZIYUAN、WANGLUOXUEXIKONGJIANDENGZHICHIXUEXI。JIAOXUEZUZHICHUANGXINSHIZHIZAIYIDINGDEJIAOXUESIXIANG、JIAOXUEMUDE、JIAOXUENEIRONGYIJIXUEXIZIYUANTIAOJIANZHICHIXIA,DUIJIAOXUEHUODONGDEZUZHIHEANPAIFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN,JUTITIXIANWEIJIAOXUEFANGSHIHEKECHENGANPAIFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN。RUCAIYONGFANZHUANJIAOXUEDEFANGSHI,HUOKAIFANGXINGKECHENGANPAIDENG。XUEXIPINGJIACHUANGXINSHIZHIZAIDUIXUESHENGXUEXIJIXIAOJINXINGPINGJIAFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN,ZHUYAOBAOKUOPINGJIACELVE、PINGJIAJISHUHEGONGJUDECHUANGXIN。RUCAIYONGERWEIMAJISHUDUIXUESHENGKETANGNEIWAIJIXIAONEIWAIXINGWEIBIAOXIANJINXINGJISHIPINGJIA。

  (二)基础教育学校各学段教学创新的特征

  JULEIFENXIFAKEYIYONGLAIDUIBUTONGXUEDUANXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEQUNTITEZHENGJINXINGWAJUE,CONGERWEIXUEXIAOSHISHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTIGONGJIEJIAN。GENJUPUXITU,CHUBUJIANGXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEQUNTITEZHENGFENWEISANLEI,DUIYINGXIAOXUE、CHUZHONG、GAOZHONGJIAOXUECHUANGXINDIANXINGTEZHENG。

c868彩票网址  WEILEJINYIBUJIANYANSANGEXUEDUANDEJIAOXUECHUANGXINSHIFOUYOUXIANZHUXINGCHAYI,BENYANJIUJIANG“XUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDETEZHENGXINGBIAOXIAN”ZUOWEIYINBIANLIANG,JIANG“XUEDUAN”ZUOWEIZIBIANLIANG(BAOHANXIAOXUE、CHUZHONG、GAOZHONGSANGESHUIPING),CAIYONGFANGCHAFENXIZUOJINYIBUJIANYAN。JIEGUOXIANSHI,SANLEIXUEXIAOZAIYINBIANLIANGSHANGDEZHIDADAOLEXIANZHUXINGCHAYI(F[2.31]=1.21;p=0.000)。SHIHOUJIANYAN(post hoc)JINYIBUBIAOMING,XIAOXUEHECHUZHONG(p=0.000)、XIAOXUEHEGAOZHONG(p=0.000)ZHIJIANJIAOXUECHUANGXINBIAOXIANDOUYOUJIQIXIANZHUDECHAYI,CHUZHONGHEGAOZHONG(p=0.012)ZHIJIANZAIJIAOXUECHUANGXINBIAOXIANSHANGDECHAYICHENGXIANBIANYUANXIANZHU,YOUCIJULEIJIEGUOJIBENDEDAOYANZHENG。

c868彩票网址  GENJUJULEIJIEGUO,YANJIUFAXIAN,SANLEIXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEDIANXINGTEZHENGRUXIA:

  1.XIAOXUEJIAOXUECHUANGXINMIANXIANGXUESHENGZHIGUANXUEXITIYANDEHUODE,BIAOXIANCHUJIFAXUEXIXINGQUDE“WANZHONGXUE”TEZHENG

c868彩票网址  ZAIXUEXIZHESHUXINGFANGMIAN,GENGDUOGUANZHULIUSHOUERTONGQINZIHUDONGXUQIUYIJITESHUERTONG(DUODONGZHENGERTONG)DEXUEXIXUQIU;ZAIJIAOSHI/CUXUEZHESHUXINGFANGMIAN,XUEXIAOYAOQINGJIAZHANG、SHEQUFUWURENYUAN、KEXUEJIAZUOWEIMOUYIXUEXIZHUTIDESHOUKEJIAOSHIHUOXIEZUOSHOUKEJIAOSHI;ZAIXUEXINEIRONGFANGMIAN,KAISHIGUANZHUTONGGUOKEXUEKEHEZONGHESHIJIANKECUJINXUEKEZHISHIRONGHE,TEBIEZHONGSHIXUESHENGXUEXIXINGQUHEJIAZHIGUANDEPEIYANG,YIJIDUISHEHUIGUIZEDECHUBURENSHIHELIJIE;ZAIXUEXIZIYUANFANGMIAN,QIANGDIAOWEIXUESHENGTIGONGDIANZISHU、DIANZIWANJU、SHUZIGUSHI、XIAOYOUXIDENGJIAOHUXINGHEQUWEIXINGDESHUZIHUAZIYUANJIDUOMEITIXUEXIHUANJING;ZAIJIAOYUXUEHUODONGDEZUZHIFANGMIAN,ZHUYAOTIXIANWEITONGGUOTINGGUSHI、JIANGGUSHI、JIAOSEBANYANDENGGAOHUDONGXINGXUEXIHUODONGSHIXUESHENGHUODEZHIGUANXUEXITIYAN;XUEXIPINGJIAFANGMIAN,CEZHONGYUDIANZIDANGANDAIJISHUZHICHIXIADEXIAONEIWAIXUEXIXINGWEIGUANCHAHEXUEXITIYANJILU。

  2.CHUZHONGJIAOXUECHUANGXINMIANXIANGTIYANZHISHITANJIUGUOCHENG,BIAOXIANCHUFAZHANTANJIUNENGLIDE“ZUOZHONGXUE”TEZHENG

c868彩票网址  ZAIXUEXIZHESHUXINGSHANG,ZHUYAOTIXIANWEIKUANIANJIDEXUEXIZHEGONGTONGXUEXI;ZAIJIAOSHI/CUXUEZHESHUXINGSHANG,TIXIANWEIYAOQINGGAOXIAOYANJIURENYUANWEIXUESHENGSHOUKE,YIJIKUAXUEXIAODESHIZIGONGXIANG;ZAIXUEXINEIRONGFANGMIAN,QIANGDIAOCHUANGXINNENGLI、ZIZHUTANJIUNENGLIHEWENTIJIEJUENENGLIDEPEIYANG,BINGKAISHIWEIXUESHENGTIGONGMANZUQIXUEXIXINGQUFAZHANDEXUANXIUKECHENG;ZAIXUEXIZIYUANFANGMIAN,ZHONGSHIWANGLUOXUEXIKONGJIANZAIJIAXIAOLIANXIZHONGDEYINGYONG,ZHUZHONGTONGGUOHUDONGXINGZIYUANHEYIDONGAppsWEIXUESHENGTIGONGFENGFUDEXUEXIZIYUANHEDUOYANGHUADEXUEXITUJING;ZAIJIAOYUXUEHUODONGDEZUZHISHANG,QIANGDIAOWEIXUESHENGTIGONGSHUSHI、KAIFANGDEXUEXISHIJIANHEKONGJIAN,CUJINXUESHENGGEXINGHUAXUEXI,KAIZHANFANZHUANKETANGYIJIWANGLUOXUEXIKONGJIANZHICHIXIADETANJIUXINGXUEXIHEYANJIUXINGXUEXI,ZHUZHONGYINDAOXUESHENGZHUDONGHUOQUXUEXIZIYUAN,BIAODAGUANDIAN,JIAOLIUXUEXITIYAN,FENXIANGXUEXIJIEGUO;ZAIXUEXIPINGJIAFANGMIAN,CEZHONGYUDUIXUEXIHUODONGHEZUOPINJINXINGPINGJIA,TONGGUODASHUJUDEDONGTAICEPINGJISHUDUIXUEXIJINXINGPINGJIA,ZHENDUANJIAOXUEZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI。

c868彩票网址  3.GAOZHONGJIAOXUECHUANGXINMIANXIANGZHENSHIQINGJING,BIAOXIANCHUPEIYANGFUZAWENTIJIEJUENENGLIDE“ZHENSHIXUEXI”TEZHENG

c868彩票网址  ZAIXUEXIZHESHUXINGSHANGZHUYAOTIXIANWEIKUANIANJI、KUASHIKONGXUEXIZHEGONGTONGXUEXI;ZAIJIAOSHI/CUXUEZHESHUXINGSHANG,TIXIANWEIKUAXUEKEJIAOSHITUANDUIZHENDUITONGYIGEXUEXIZHUTIKAIZHANJIAOXUE;ZAIXUEXINEIRONGSHANG,GENGJIAKAIFANG,CEZHONGYUMIANXIANGZHENSHIWENTIHEZHENSHIQINGJING,FAZHANXUESHENGJIEJUEZHENSHIWENTIDENENGLI,TONGGUOKAIFAHUOXUANYONGFUHEBENXIAOCHUANTONGHEYOUSHI、MANZUXUESHENGXINGQUHEXUQIUDEXIAOBENZAIXIANKECHENG,WEIXUESHENGTIGONGCHONGZUDEXUANXIUKE,XUESHENGANZHAONENGLIFAZHANSHUIPING、XINGQUAIHAOHEWEILAIZHIYEFANGXIANGXUANZEKECHENG;ZAIXUEXIZIYUANSHANG,BIAOXIANWEIFENGFUDEYIDONGXINGSHUZIHUAXUEXIZIYUAN(RUYIDONGApps、DIANZISHUBAODENG)YIJIKAIFANGXINGDEXUEXIHUANJING,YOUQIZHONGSHIKUAXIAOHEKUAXUEKEDEWANGLUOXUEXIKONGJIANDEJIANSHEHEYINGYONG,JIANLIZHUANMENDEXUEKESHIYANSHIHESTEAMSHIYANSHI;ZAIJIAOYUXUEHUODONGDEZUZHISHANG,YIJIYUXIANGMUDEXUEXIHEJIYUWENTIJIEJUEDEXUEXIWEIZHU,BINGQIEQIANGDIAOXINXIHUAZHICHIKETANGNEIWAIDEFANZHUANJIAOXUEHEZAIXIANXUEXI;ZAIXUEYEPINGJIAFANGMIAN,LIYONGSUYANGYUNENGLICEPINGJISHU、DONGTAICEPINGJISHUYIJIJIYUDASHUJUDEXUEXIFENXIJISHUDENGDUIXUESHENGTICHUWENTIHEJIEJUEZHENSHIWENTIDESHENGRENLIJINXINGQUANMIANPINGJIA,MANZUXUESHENGGEXINGFAZHANHEGUOJIARENCAIXUANBADEXUYAO。

  五、对研究结果的讨论与启示

  (一)讨论:研究结果的系统性、发展性、学段差异性和局限性

c868彩票网址  SHOUXIAN,JIAOXUECHUANGXINDELIUGEWEIDUJUYOUXITONGXING。JIAOXUECHUANGXINSHIJIANSHIYIGEFUZADEXITONGGONGCHENG,GEGECHUANGXINWEIDUYI“JIAOYUXUEZUZHICHUANGXIN”WEIHEXIN,XIANGHUYINGXIANGHELIANXI。JIAOXUECHUANGXINSHISHIZHICHUHUOXUHUIYIMOUYIWEIDUDECHUANGXINWEIQIERUDIAN,ERMOUYIWEIDUDECHUANGXINKENENGCONGKEGUANSHANGXUYAOXIANGGUANWEIDUTONGBUCHUANGXIN,ZUIZHONGDADAOZHONGGOUJIAOXUEGUOCHENGDEMUDE。YINCI,KEYIYUNYONGBENYANJIUJIEGUODUIJICHUJIAOYUXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINXIANXIANGCONGLIUGEWEIDUSHANGJINXINGJIEGOU,DANJUEBUDAIBIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINSHIJIANKEYIZHITINGLIUZAIMOUYIGEWEIDU。ZHEIYANGZUOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINSHIJIANDEXITONGGUANLIANXINGXIANGBEI,BUJINSHIWUYIYIDE,YESHIBUXIANSHIDE。

  QICI,JIAOXUECHUANGXINDEBIAOZHENGJITEZHENGJUYOUFAZHANXING。BENYANJIUDUIJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEBIAOZHENGHETEZHENGDEGUINAYUANYUMUQIANSUOLINXUANCHUDEJIAOXUECHUANGXINANLI,ERSHIJISHANG,CHUANGXINSHIYONGWUZHIJING、DONGTAIFAZHAN、WUFAWANQUANJINGZHUNYUCEDE。CHUANGXINSHIJIANYUSHENGJULAIDEFAZHANXINGYAOQIUJIAOXUECHUANGXINDENEIHAN、WEIDUHEJUTIBIAOZHENGBUDUANDIEDAI、GENGXIN。

  ZAICI,BUTONGXUEDUANJIAOXUECHUANGXINJUYOUCHAYIXING。JIAOXUECHUANGXINGUIGENJIEDISHIWEILECUJINXUESHENGDESHENXINFAZHAN,ERBUTONGXUEDUANXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANXUQIUBUTONG,JINERDUIJIAOXUECHUANGXINDESHIJIANYANGTAITICHULEBUTONGDEYAOQIU。

  ZUIHOU,BENYANJIUSUOTICHUDEJIAOXUECHUANGXINWEIDUJUYOUJUXIANXING。DUIYUXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINZHEIYIXIANXIANGJINXINGGUANCHAHEFENXIDEWEIDUJUEBUSHIDANYIDE,BENYANJIUSUOTICHUDELIUGEWEIDUSHICONG“JIAOYUXUEDEZHUTIHEGUOCHENG”CHUFA,DUIJIAOXUECHUANGXINJINXINGLIJIEERCHANSHENGDEKUANGJIA,ERBUTONGDEYANJIUZHEFENXITONGYILEIXIANXIANGKENENGCAIQUBUTONGDESHIJIAO,BUTONGSHIJIAOXIADUIJICHUJIAOYUXUEXIAOJIAOXUECHUANGXINDEFENXIKUANGJIAKENENGCUNZAICHAYI。

  (二)启示:全球化、信息化和个性化视域中的教学创新

  QUANQIUHUA、XINXIHUA、GEXINGHUASHIDANGDAIJIAOYUFAZHANZHONGZUIWEIXIANMINGDESHIDAITESE。JICHUJIAOYUJIAOXUECHUANGXINXUYAOZAIQUANQIUHUAHEXINXIHUADESHIYEZHONG,YICUJINXUESHENGGEXINGHUAFAZHANWEIJIAZHIQUXIANGZHONGSUXUESHENGGUAN、JIAOSHIGUAN,ZAIXUEXINEIRONGDECHUANGXINSHANGYINGCHONGFENKAOLVSHEHUIFAZHANXUQIU、XUEKEFAZHANXUQIUHEXUESHENGFAZHANXUQIU,ZAIXUEXIZIYUANDECHUANGXINSHANGYINGZHUZHONGMEITIXUANZEYUXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANGUILVXIANGPIPEI,ZAIJIAOYUXUEDEZUZHISHANGYINGCHANGSHIDAPOFENGBISHIXIAOYUANDESHUFUHEJIAOYUXUESHIKONGDEJUXIAN,ZHUANXIANGKAIFANGHULIANHUANJINGZHICHIXIADEXUESHENGZIZHUTANJIUHEXIETONGJIANGOU,ZAIXUEXIPINGJIADECHUANGXINSHANGYINGZHONGSHIGUOCHENGXINGPINGJIAHEDUOYUANPINGJIA。

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作者简介

姓名:刘晓琳 张立国 工作单位:陕西师范大学教育学院

转载请注明来源:中国社会科学网 (责编:毕雁)
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