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“法典化”的历史溯源与中国内涵
2020年10月14日 16:01 来源:中国社会科学网-中国社会科学报 作者:谢红星 字号
2020年10月14日 16:01
来源:中国社会科学网-中国社会科学报 作者:谢红星

内容摘要:

关键词:

作者简介:

   “FADIANHUA”ZHIDAGUIMOBIANZUANFADIANDEQUSHIYUGUOCHENG,SHIFALVSHISHANGDEDIANXINGXIANXIANG,GAIYINRENLEISHEHUIDEFALVDATIJINGLICONGXIGUANDAOXIGUANFA、ZAICONGXIGUANFADAOCHENGWENFADEYANJIN。BUGUO,CHENGWENFACHANSHENGHOU,FALVXINGSHIDEYANJINBINGWEITINGZHI,ERSHIJIXUXIANGGENGGAOXINGTAIDEFADIANZHUANHUA,ZHENGRULIANGQICHAOSUOSHUO,“CHENGWENFAZHICHUQI,BUGUOSUISHISUISHI,ZHIDINGWEIDUOSHUZHIDANXINGFA。JIDANXINGFAFABUJIDUO,BUDEBUCUOERLUZHI,YUSHISUOWEIFADIANZHEJIANYAN”。ZHONGGUOCHENGWENFACHANSHENGYUCHUNQIUSHIQI,“FADIANHUA”ZEZHENGSHIKAIQIYUWEIJINZHIJI,CAOWEI《XINLV》SHIDIYIBUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDELVDIAN,JINLINGZESHIDIYIBULINGDIAN。“JICHUNQIUZHANGUO,ERJIHEDUOSHUDANXINGFA,YIBIANZUANFADIANZHISHIYE,ZAOYIMENGYA。HOUHANWEIJINZHIJIAO,FADIANZHIZILIAOYIFU,ERBIANZUANZHITICAIYIYIJIANG,YOUZUZHIZHIDAFADIAN,XIANYUSHIJIEWANGUOERJIANQICHENGLI。TANGSONGMINGQING,CHENGLIUDAOGUI,ZICANRANYI。”GAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHONGGUODEFAZHIJIANSHE,MOUZHONGYIYISHANGYIKEYISHUOSHIYIGE“FADIANHUA”DEGUOCHENG。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFALVTIXICHENGZHANGWEIYIBUMENFADIANWEITONGLVDECHENGWENFATIXI,XUYAOZHUISULISHIZHIYUAN。

  “法典化”锻造统一法律秩序

c868彩票网址  ZAIFADEJIAZHITIXIZHONG,ZHIXUJIAZHISHIYIZHONGJICHUXINGJIAZHI,SHIFADEQITAJIAZHIDEYISHIXIANDEQIANTI。ZAIDUANZAOTONGYIFALVZHIXUFANGMIAN,XIANGBIYUFENSANDEPANLIFA,MINGQUE、PUBIAN、GUIFANHUADECHENGWENFAJUYOUGENGDUOYOUSHI,YINGGUOXUEZHEDAIWEI·M. WOKEZAI《NIUJINFALVDACIDIAN》ZHONGRENWEI,“WUYIZHIDINGFAZAIQUXIAOHUOFEICHUXIANXINGDEXIANGHUDICHUDEGUIZE,ZAISHELIFALVGUIFANYIZHIHENSHAOHUOMEIYOUFALVDELINGYUDEQUANLIFANGMIAN,YIJIZAISUOYUJIANDEQINGKUANGWEIFASHENGZHIQIANZUOCHUFALVGUIDINGDENENGLIFANGMIAN,YOUYUQITAFALVYUANYUAN”。ZUOWEICHENGWENFADEGAOJIXINGTAI,FADIANJIANJUXUELIXING、XITONGXING、QUEDINGXING、YIZHIXING,JIAOZHIYIBANDECHENGWENFA,QITONGYIBUDIAO、TONGYIXINGDONGDETEZHENGGENGWEIMINGXIAN,GENGNENGSHIXIANGUOJIATONGYIFAZHIZHIMUDE。TONGGUOBIANZUANFADIANDUANZAOTONGYIFALVZHIXU,SHI“FADIANHUA”DESHOUYAOJIAZHI,ZHENGRUFAGUOXUEZHELENEI·DAWEIZHICHUDENEIYANG:“BIANZUANFADIANYOUHENDUOYUANYIN,DANSHIZUIZHONGYAODEHAISHIRENMENHUAIYOUSHIFALVMINGQUEHESHIQUANGUODEFALVBAOCHITONGYIDEYUANWANG。”

c868彩票网址  ZHONGGUOGUDAI“FADIANHUA”DEKAIQIZHENGSHIJIYUDUITONGYIFALVZHIXUDEXUQIU。QINHANYIJIANG,DAYITONGZHONGYANGJIQUANGUOJIAZHUCIJIANLI,ZHONGYANGJIQUANGUOJIAHUAYIZHILIXUYAO、BINGXINGQIANGUDENGXINGZHENGSHIWURIYIFUZAHUAHEZHUANMENHUA、CONG“LIZHI”DAO“FAZHI”DEZHILIMOSHIZHUANHUAN,SHIDELVLINGDENGCHENGWENFADALIANGCHANSHENG。RANER,SUIZHECHENGWENFASHULIANGDEBAOZHASHIZENGZHANG,“ZIDIANWENZHEBUNENGFENMING”,“ZIMINGXIZHEBUZHISUOYOU”(《HANSHU·XINGFAZHI》)。CHENGWENFADEFANDUOPANGZAXUERUOLECHENGWENFABENJUYOUDEPUBIANXING、GONGKAIXING、ZHUNQUEXINGHEKEGUANXINGDENGYOUDIAN,BULIYUTONGYIFALVZHIXUZHIXINGCHENG,BULIYUDAYITONGGUOJIADEJIZHONGKONGZHIYUHUAYIZHILI,“JUNGUOCHENGYONGZHEBO,HUOZUITONGERLUNYI”,“WANGMIERJIANBUSAI,XINGFANERMINYUMAN”(《HANSHU·XINGFAZHI》)。WEIYOUZAISHANXIUJIYOULVLINGDEJICHUSHANG,ZHIDINGJUBEIGENGQIANGGUIFANXING、LUOJIXING、QUEDINGXINGDEFADIAN,FANGNENGMANZUDAYITONGGUOJIADUANZAOYUQI、KEKONG、TONGYIFALVZHIXUDEXUYAO。WEIJINBIANZUANLVLINGFADIAN“BIANZAWEIQING”“HUAFANWEIYUE”,MUDEZHENGZAIYUTONGGUO“QINGYUE”“KUANJIAN”“SHUERBULOU”DEFADIANSHIXIANCIMUDE。

  “法典化”形塑“中国”之正统与治道

c868彩票网址  ZAIZHONGHUAWENMINGSHISHANG,“ZHONGGUO”SHIGEZUXIANMINXINMUZHONGCHAOYUEWANGCHAODEZHENGZHICUNZAI,SHILIDAIWANGCHAOZHENGQUANHEFAXINGDEZHONGYAOYUANQUAN,SHIWANGCHAOZHENGTONGDETONGYICI。WEILEQIANGHUAZIJIDE“ZHONGGUO”ZHENGTONG,LIDAIWANGCHAOGAIZHENGSHUO,YIFUSE,ZUNRUXUE,ZHILILE。WEIJINLVLINGFADIANDANSHENGHOU,YIQIZHENGQIBIHUANZHITIXI、JINMIXIANGLIANZHIPIANZHANG、GAODUGAIKUOZHISHUYU、JIANYUENONGSUOZHIFATIAO、JINGXUANAOMIAOZHIFALI,SHICHENGWENFADEFAZHANCHAOYUELEQINHANYILAIYINXUNDEGUIDAO,ZHANXIANCHUQIANSUOWEIYOUDESHUIZHUNYUFENGFAN,BUJINCHENGWEIZHENGGECHENGWENFATIXIZHITONGLV,YESHUNLICHENGZHANGDIBEITONGZHIZHESUZAOWEIWANGCHAO“ZHONGGUO”ZHENGTONGDEYOUYIXIANGZHENGYUFUHAO。FADIANYIBUZAIZHISHIJUNZHUYISHIMINGLINGZHIGONGJU,ERCHENGWEIGUOJIATIZHIZHICHENGZAI、FALVZHIXUZHIWEIXI,YIJIWANGCHAO“ZHONGGUO”ZHENGTONGZHIBIAOZHENG。ZUOWEIDAYITONGWANGCHAOZHENGTONGYUTIANMINGDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHENG,FADIANZAIGUDAIZHONGGUOJUBEILECHAOHUFALVDEZHENGZHINEIHAN,CHENGRUMING《HONGZHIHUIDIAN·YUZHIXU》:“ZIGUDIWANGJUNLINTIANXIA,BIYOUYIDAIZHIDIAN,YICHENGSIHAIZHIZHI。”

c868彩票网址  ZUOWEIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGDETEYOUFANCHOU,ZHIDAOZHE,ZHIZHIZHIDAOYE。ZHONGGUOGUDAIXIANGLAIZHONGSHIDUIZHIDAODETANSUO,XINGCHENGLEWANGDAO、BADAO、WUWEIZHIDAO、TIANDAO、“BAWANGDAOZAZHI”DENGGUANDIAN,ZONGJIECHUCHENGJUNDE、MINGFAZHI、YANLIZHI、SHENXINGFA、XINGJIAOHUA、BOFULIAN、YIHAOQIANGDENGJUTIJUCUO。“CHUITONGJIANZHONG,BIZIYUZHIDU”,“ZHISHI”ZHIJIANLI,BIRANYOULAIYUGEZHONGZHIDUDEWANSHANYULIANGHAOYUNZHUAN。ZUOWEIFALVTIXIZHENGTIZHITONGLV、FALVZHIXUTONGYIZHIWEIXI,FADIANBENLAIJIUYUGUOJIAZHANGZHIJIUANXIXIXIANGGUAN,HEKUANGFADIANZUYIBAORONGCHENGZAIGUOJIAZHONGYAOZHIDU,ZHANXIANDANXINGFASUOBUCENGJUYOUDEYOUSHI,YOUCI,BUJINBEISUZAOWEIBIAOZHENG“ZHONGGUO”ZHENGTONGDEZHENGZHIFUHAO,YEBEIJIYUSHIXIANZHANGZHIJIUANDEHOUWANG。WEILV“MINGJIAOHUA”“QIFENGSU”(《JINSHU·XINGFAZHI》),JINLV“JIANFAWUBEN,HUIYUHAINEI”(《JINSHU·WUDIJI》),TANGLV“PIQUANHENGZHIZHIQINGZHONG,RUOGUIJUZHIDEFANGYUAN。MAIBISANZHANG,TONGFUHUAYI”(《TANGLVSHUYI·MINGLILV》XUSHU),HUIDIAN“CHENGSIHAIZHIZHI”(MING《HONGZHIHUIDIAN·YUZHIXU》)。“FADIANHUA”JISUZAOYUQIANGHUA“ZHONGGUO”ZHIZHENGTONG,GENGTUOZHAN、FENGFU“ZHONGGUO”ZHIZHIDAO。

  “法典化”传承先贤经典

  FADIANZAIZHONGGUOGUDAIYEBEIJIYUMOFANGJINGDIAN、ZHONGSHUJINGDIAN、CHAOYUEJINGDIANDEXIWANG。RUXUEXIANGLAIZHONGSHIJINGDIANDEZHIZUOYUCHUANCHENG,RUJIAJINGDIANTONGGUOCHENSHUXIANSHENGSHIJI,CHANFAZHIDAOLIXIANG,GOUZAOCHUJUTIDEXINGWEIZHUNZEYUZHIDUTIXI,QIJIGUZHENJIN,WUXUQIUSHI,HENDUOFANGMIANYIJINGJUBEILEZHIDINGFADETEDIAN,YOUQI《ZHOULI》YISHUZUOWEIGUWENJINGXUEZHIZHONGYAOJINGDIAN,XIANGLAIBEIRUJIAXUEZHESHIWEI“ZHOUGONGZHITAIPINGZHIFA”,ZHIKEWEIRUJIAXUEZHEZHIZUODEYIBUJIYULERUJIAGUDAISHENGWANGZHIDAOLIXIANGDEZHIDINGFA。WEIJINFADIANDANSHENGZHIJI,XIHANWUDIDUZUNRUSHUYILAIDEFALVRUJIAHUAZHENGFANGXINGWEIAI。ZAIDAYITONGGUOJIAZHENGZHIHEFALVZHIDURIYISHENSHOURUJIAXUESHUOHUARANDEJICHUSHANG,WEIJINZHIJICHENGLERUJIAXUESHUOSHENTOUYUGAIZAODAYITONGGUOJIAFALVDEGUANJIANZHUANZHEDIAN。RUJIAXUEZHEBUJINZHUZHANGZAISIFAGUOCHENGZHONGTUIGUANGSHIYONGRUJIAJINGDIAN,GENGTICHUYIRUJIAJINGDIANWEIFANBEN,QUANMIANSHANDINGLVLING,“SHIBAIXINGGAIYISHITING,YICHENGDAHUA,ZHENXINGCUOZHIMEI,CHUANZHIWUQIONG”(《JINSHU·XINGFAZHI》)。

  JIULIFAGUOCHENGERYAN,FALVRUJIAHUAJIRANYAOYIRUJIAJINGDIANWEIBEN,QUANMIANXITONGDIGAIZAODAYITONGGUOJIADEJIYOUFALV,NEIME,YIBANXINGDIDUIFALVTIAOWENJINXINGJUBUGAIDONG,YIJISUISHIXIADACHILIBINGDUIQIJIANDANBIANJI,XIANRANBUKENENGDACHENGZHEIYIMUBIAO。ZHIYOUZAIZHENZHUOQUSHEDEJICHUSHANG,TONGPANBUJU,ZHONGXINSIKAOHEANPAIZHENGBUFALVDETIAOWENPIANZHANG,CAINENGSHIZHENGBUFALVWEIRAOZHERUJIAJINGDIANTIXIANDELINIAN,HUODEQUANXINDEZONGZHI,BINGZAIPIANMUJIEGOU、TIAOWENLUOJIXINGYIJIJUTIGUIDINGFANGMIANZHANXIANCHUZUGOUDEZHOUYANYUZIQIA。ZHEIZHONGWEIRAOTEDINGLINIANGOUZHUFANCHOUTIXI,YICIZHANKAIDUIPIANZHANGTIAOWENDEQUANMIANSHULI、TONGCHOU、ZHIDING,FUYUZHENGBUFALVYIXITONGXING、PUSHIXING、XUELIXINGHEWENDINGXINGDELIFAGUOCHENG,ZHENGSHIFADIANDANSHENGDEYIBANGUOCHENG。YINCI,XIHANZHONGQIYILAIDEFALVRUJIAHUA,BIRANYANJINWEIYIRUJIAJINGDIANWEIBENDE“FADIANHUA”。WEILV“GENGYIGUYIZHIWEIWUXING”、JINLV“JUNLIJIAOZHIFANG”(《JINSHU·XINGFAZHI》),TANGLV“YIZHUNHULI,CHURUDEGUJINZHIPING”(《SIKUQUANSHUZONGMUTIYAO·SHIBU·ZHENGSHULEIER》),TANGLIUDIAN“CUOZONGGUJIN,FAYIZHOUGUAN”(《JIUTANGSHU·LIYILIU》),HUIDIAN“YIBENCHAOGUANZHIZHIDUWEIGANG,SHIWUMINGSHUYIWENDENGJIWEIMU,YIYIZUZONGJIUZHIWEIZHUERFANSUNYITONGYI,JUSHIXINIAN,HUILIEYUHOU,ZUIERWEISHU”(MING《HONGZHIHUIDIAN·CHIYU》),JIESHIYIRUJIAJINGDIANWEIFANBEN,JIANGRUJIAJINGDIANTIXIANDELINIANGUANCHEDAOFADIANZHIDINGGUOCHENGZHONG,HUOZHEZHIJIEMOFANGRUJIAJINGDIANPIANZHANG,YINRURUJIAJINGDIANJIZAIZHIZHUNZEZHIDU。ZHONGGUOGUDAI“FADIANHUA”SHIZAISHUBAINIANFALVRUJIAHUAJIDIANZHISHANGKAIQIDE,SHIFALVRUJIAHUAYANJINBUKENIZHISHI,BIRANYIRUJIAJINGDIANWEIBEN,ZHONGSHUJINGDIAN,CHUANCHENGJINGDIAN。

  ZONGZHI,“FADIANHUA”QIYUDUANZAOTONGYIFALVZHIXUDEKEGUANXUYAO,JIERXINGSU“ZHONGGUO”ZHIZHENGTONGYUZHIDAO,ZAIRUJIAHUADELISHIQINGJINGXIA,ZHONGSHUBINGCHUANCHENGRUJIAXIANXIANJINGDIAN。ZIWEIJINZHIJIFADIANDANSHENGHOU,JIUZAIGUDAIZHONGGUOSHOUDAOZHUIPENG,BEIJIYUHOUWANG:FADIANYAOWANBEIWUQUE;YAOCHONGFENJIQUXIANWANGSHENGXIANDEZHILIJINGYAN,ZHENZHUODESHI,RONGHUIGUANTONG;YAOQIHETIANLIRENQING,ZUYIWEIHOUSHISUOFA。FADIANBUJINSHICHENGWENFADEGAOJIXINGTAI,GENGBEISHIWEIZHENGTONGZHIBIXUFUHAO、ZHIDAOZHIBIYAOGOUCHENG、XIANXIANLIXIANGZHIZAITI,JIANJULEFALV、ZHENGZHIYUWENHUANEIHAN,JITUOLEZHONGHUAMINZUXIANRENXINGSHENGXIANZHIDAO、QIUZHANGZHIJIUANDELIXIANGYUQIDAI。ZHONGHUAFAXISHIYIFADIANWEITONGLVDECHENGWENFATIXI,ZHONGHUAMINZUXIANRENDUIFADIANYOUZHESHENHOUDEQINGJIEYUQINGGAN,“FADIANHUA”GOUCHENGWOGUOFALVSHIZHIYOUJIUCHUANTONG。DANGDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFALVTIXIZHI“FADIANHUA”,BINGFEIJINSHIGUOJICHAOLIUCHONGJIZHIGUO,CONGSHENCENGCIKAN,GENGSHIBENTUCHUANTONGDEYANXUYUZHANXIAN。

c868彩票网址  (ZUOZHEDANWEI:JIANGXICAIJINGDAXUEFAXUEYUAN)

  

作者简介

姓名:谢红星 工作单位:江西财经大学法学院

转载请注明来源:中国社会科学网 (责编:孙志香)
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